The usual steps that we in multiplying 2 digit numbers is to multiply vertically as shown in the first figure. We first use the digits ones digit of the multiplicand (12) and distribute to the ones and tens digit of the multiplier (34) shown in Step 1 and Step 2 and write the products. Then, we multiply the tens digit of the multiplicand to the ones and tens digit of the multiplier (Steps 3 and 4). Finally, we add the products to get the final answer.

As you can see, this method requires 5 steps. The discussion below is about an alternative method. Continue reading